Glossary Of Medical Terms
If you are unable to locate a word please consult Blacks Medical or a good Nursing Dictionary.
- A -
acanthoses : A thickening of the skin
acetone : Acid produced by bacterial fermentation.
acid : A substance that donates protons of H ions.
adrenal : Two small organs located in kidneys, producing adrenaline,
a stimulant of nervous system and blood pressure
alkalis : Neutralises acid. Usually Oxides and Carbonates of metals
ammonia : Pungent gas, given off my Carbonate of ammonia, urine,
Powerful stimulant internally. A weak pain reliever for the skin.
anti-mitotic : Halting the reproductive divisions of cells
anti-bodies : Substance in blood which destroys antigens.
antibiotics : Antibacterial agent, e.g. penicillin
antigen : Substance that causes recruitment of antibodies (see antibiotics) A protein foreign to the body.
antihistamines : Drugs which antagonise the action of histamine.
(Constrictor of bronchi) Used to treat rashes. Drowsiness side affect.
antipuritic : A substance used to reduce inflammation
anaphylactic : A condition of excessive sensitiveness, caused by injection of foreign
material into body. E.g. Nettle rash causing eruption, inflammation, pain.
aqueous : Water based, watery.
areolae : Red ring around inflammation.
ascorbic : Vitamin found in fruit
asthma : A disorder of breathing causing constriction of airways
atrophy : A state of wasting, due to interference of healthy nutrition, by interruption of blood supply.
- B -
benefactors : Persons who gain the greatest from a treatment
blisters : Chronic inflammation, causing congestion of foreign materials below the skin.
bullae : Another name for blister
- C -
chloride : Of chlorine a greenish gas with pungent smell.. Highly poisonous to all bacteria.
cholesterol : Waxy material derived from organic tissues.
Essential for production of sex hormones and repair of membranes
chrome : Substance containing the element Chromium, found in pigments
collagen : Abundant protein, exists as fibres in tendons, heart.
complacency : Not worrying, showing disapproval
conservative : (Medical) Treatment involving minimum of interference by practitioner.
constituents : One of the elements something is made from
copulation : Sexual intercourse between humans.
corticosteroids : Hormones, used to reduce allergens in body, suppresses adrenaline production.
cutaenous : Belonging to the skin
cystic : Closed cavity, lined by abnormal tissues and liquids
- D -
degradation : Change in structure of a tissue, where vitality is lowered.
depigmentation : Reduction in the colouring of the skin
derivatives : Something developed from soething else
detriment : Harmfull
diagnosis : Distinguishing one disease from another essentially for correct treatment
- E -
eccrine : Secretion of the sweat gland
electromagnetic : electricity caused by magnetic current
elicitation : A response or a reaction
erythremous : Condition where skin becomes congested with blood, causing redness and eruption.
ethyl chloride : A volatile liquid, Freezes area applied to. Reduces pain.
exacerbate : Make it worse
excoriation : Destruction of small pieces of the surface of skin
exclusion : Prevention, leave out
extrinsic : Originating outside the body.
exudation : Process where constituents of blood pass slowly through walls of small vessels in the
course of inflammation, and the accumulation resulting from this process.
- F -
fissuring : Clefts of normal anatomical structure
follicles : A very small sac or gland, depression
folliculitis : Inflamation of the follicules
- G -
gangrene : Death of part of body.
genetics : Study of the origin of characteristics of an individual
glochids : Small spines
- H -
hives : Scottish for urtricaria
hydrophobic : Repulsion of water.
hyperkeratosis : Excessive thickening of epidermis
hypnotise : A condition of altered attention. Increased when suggestibility ypnotised.
Children more easily hypnotised
hyposensitisation : To repeat and increase doses of allergen to induce immunity to that allergen
hypertension : High blood pressure.
- I -
idiosyncrasy : Unusual habits
immunisation : The introduction of antigens into a body to produce immunity
impediment : Making movement difficult
impermeable : Will not allow fluid to pass through
implement : To carry out a plan
immunological : The study of immunity and response to antigens.
incentive : Encourage to do something
inherent : Characteristics passed on by genes
inhibiting : To slow down
- L -
lactic : Colourless acid, produced by bacteria on lactose. Present in muscles.
laryngeal : Pertaining to larynx in throat
lesions : An injury or disease
leukaemia : Disease of blood causing changes to bone marrow, by enlarging
lymph glands. Common in older people.
lichenification : Chronic skin disease characterised by thickening
of skin and formation of papules, Causes severe itching.
lymphocytes :White blood corpsule produced by lymph glands. They produce antibodies.
- M -
macerated : Softening of solid by soaking in fluid
malignant : A serious disorder, grow rapidly infiltrating healthy tissues. Leads to death
melanin : Dark pigment found in skin and hair.
Morbilliform : Disease of skin resembling measels
- O -
oedema : Abnormal accumulation of fluid under skin, or cavities.
onycholysis : Separation of nail from nail-bed
osteolysis : Affecting the bone?
- P -
pallor : Paleness of skin, caused by flow of blood in normal pigments, caused by shock
papillary : Resembling a papilla, a nipple like protrusion
papules : A pimple
phototoxic :Toxic condition caused by action of light on an antigen.
pigment : Colouring of secretions and skin.
pollens : Microspores formed by flowering plants.
populous : Many in number
poultice : Moist application to skin, to soothe, soften, increases circulation
precursor : Something that precedes , produces or develops into another skin.
predicament : In a difficult situation
predispose : If something makes you think in a certain way, you may act in that way
proteins : Nitrogenous substances, essential for cell growth.
pruritus : Itching
punctum : To make a hole, to prick, a small orifice
pustulation : Collection of puss under skin.
puberty : Passage of child into adulthood.Characterised by increase in hormones, hairs and sexual organs.
- R -
reticular : Resembling a reticulum: A fine mesh of fibres.
rhinitus : Inflammation of mucous in the nose.
rudimentary : An underdeveloped organ.
- S -
scabies : A skin disease caused by mites
scaratiniform : Many breaks, punctures, scratches
spicule : Thorns
striaee : Stretched skin
subcutaneous : Anything pertaining to loose cellular tissue beneath skin
salicylic : antiseptic acid, used to treat skin infections
synthesis : Production of something
- T -
trauma : Extremelly stressfull experience
trichomes : Spines on plant
- U -
ulceration : Breach of skin surface, causing loss of tissue.
utricia : Disorder of the skin, irritation, swelling caused by Nettle.
- V -
vesicles : Small collection of fluid in the epidermis
Dermatitis In the Horticulture Industry By James M. Burton In Association With Pencoed College Copyright 1997.